Preferences among three high-carbohydrate diets were determined i

Preferences among three high-carbohydrate diets were determined in female selleck kinase inhibitor Wistar rats (n = 16). Adolescent rats (n = 162) received the following weekly diet schedules: (1) continuous regular chow (7 days/week), (2) chow (5 days/week) followed by a more preferred diet (2 days/week), or (3) chow (5 days/week) followed

by a less preferred chow (2 days/week). Some animals were yoke-restricted (75% calories) when provided chow to increase its rewarding properties. Diurnal locomotor activity was measured in a familiar environment, and anxiety-like behavior was assessed in the elevated plus-maze and defensive withdrawal tests. Rats withdrawn from the preferred diet showed hypophagia, anxiogenic-like behavior, increased locomotion, and weight loss. Chow hypophagia was progressive, individuat-specific in magnitude, (partly) non-homeostatic in nature, and blunted by previous chow restriction. Despite eating less, rats cycled Lenvatinib with the preferred diet became heavier, fatter, and diurnally less active, with greater feed efficiency and proinflammatory adipokine levels than chow controls. The present diet cycling procedure may model consummatory, anxiety-related, and metabolic effects of qualitative dieting in humans. (C) 2008

Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Rapamycin is a U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved drug for the prevention of immunorejection following organ transplantation. Pharmacological studies suggest a potential new application of rapamycin in attenuating cardiomyopathy, but the potential for this application is not yet supported by genetic studies of genes in target

of rapamycin (TOR) signaling in rodents. Recently, supporting genetic evidence was presented in zebra fish using two adult cardiomyopathy models. By characterizing a heterozygous zebrafish target of Non-specific serine/threonine protein kinase rapamycin (ztor) mutant, the therapeutic effect of long-term TOR signaling inhibition was demonstrated. Dose- and stage-dependent functions of TOR signaling provide an explanation for the seemingly contradictory results obtained in genetic studies of TOR components in rodents. The results from the zebra fish studies, together with the supporting preliminary clinical studies, suggested that TOR signaling inhibition should be further pursued as a novel therapeutic strategy for cardiomyopathy. Future directions for developing TOR-based therapy include assessing the long-term benefits of rapamycin as a candidate drug for heart failure patients, defining the dynamic activity of TOR, exploring the impacts of TOR signaling manipulation in different models of cardiomyopathies, and elucidating the downstream signaling branches that confer the therapeutic effects of TOR signaling inhibition.

By focusing on different aspects of JNK signaling, it becomes inc

By focusing on different aspects of JNK signaling, it becomes increasingly obvious that the JNK cascade is intricately regulated and intensely dependent on the availability and functionality of its single components and their intracellular localization. Our review also emphasizes, that JNKs are indispensable for neuronal cell death as well as many physiological functions in the brain. Finally, we

discuss pharmacological strategies which target pathological Adavosertib in vivo JNK activities without affecting their physiological functions. (C) 2009 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“We present three models of how transcription factors (TFs) bind to their specific binding sites on the DNA: a model based on statistical physics, a Markov-chain model and a computational simulation. Comparison of these models suggests

that the effect of non-specific binding can be significant. We also investigate possible mechanisms for cooperativity. The simulation model suggests that direct interactions between TFs are unlikely to be the main source of cooperativity between specific binding sites, because such interactions tend to lead to the formation Of Clusters on the DNA with Selleckchem Vactosertib undesirable side-effects. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Photic responses of the circadian system are mediated through light-induced clock gene expression in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). In nocturnal rodents, depending on the timing of light exposure, Per1 and Per2 gene expression Staurosporine order shows distinct compartmentalized patterns that correspond to the behavioral responses.

Whether the gene- and region-specific induction patterns are unique to nocturnal animals, or are also present in diurnal species is unknown. We explored this question by examining the light-induced Per1 and Per2 gene expression in functionally distinct SCN sub-regions, using diurnal grass rats Arvicanthis niloticus. Light exposure during nighttime induced Per1 and Per2 expression in the SCN, showing unique spatiotemporal profiles depending on the phase of the light exposure. After a phase delaying light pulse (LP) in the early night, strong Per1 induction was observed in the retinorecipient core region of the SCN, while strong Per2 induction was observed throughout the entire SCN. After a phase advancing LP in the late night, Per1 was first induced in the core and then extended into the whole SCN, accompanied by a weak Per2 induction. This compartmentalized expression pattern is very similar to that observed in nocturnal rodents, suggesting that the same molecular and intercellular pathways underlying acute photic responses are present in both diurnal and nocturnal species. However, after an LP in early subjective day, which induces phase advances in diurnal grass rats, but not in nocturnal rodents, we did not observe any Per1 or Per2 induction in the SCN.

023) Our results indicate that sex modulates the interactive eff

023). Our results indicate that sex modulates the interactive effect of the 5-HTTLPR genotype and CA on hippocampal volume. While the S’-allele is associated with hippocampal volume independent

of CA in women, men only have smaller hippocarnpi if they carry the risk allele and experienced severe CA. Neuropsychopharmacology (2012) 37, 1848-1855; doi:10.1038/npp.2012.32; published online 21 March 2012″
“The cholinergic system is involved in cognition as well as in age-related cognitive decline and Alzheimer disease (AD). Cholinergic enhancers ameliorate AD symptoms and represent the main current therapy for AD. MTC (Methylthioninium chloride), an antioxidant with metabolism-enhancing properties may be a novel candidate

Bleomycin with pro-cognitive capacities.

This study was performed: (1) to assess the learn more pro-cognitive efficacy of MTC and establish its dose-response; (2) to compare the efficacy of MTC with rivastigmine and (3) to determine the potential for combination therapy by co-administration of MTC and rivastigmine.

Spatial cognition of female NMRI mice was tested in a reference memory water maze task. Subjects received intra-peritoneal injections of scopolamine (0.5 mg/kg) followed by vehicle, and/or MTC and/or rivastigmine (0.15-4 mg/kg MTC; 0.1-0.5 mg/kg rivastigmine) in mono or combination treatment.

Scopolamine treatment prevented spatial BCKDHA learning in NMRI female mice and the deficit was reversed by both rivastigmine and MTC in a dose-dependent manner. Mono-therapy with high doses of rivastigmine (> 0.5 mg/kg) caused severe side effects but MTC was safe up to 4 mg/kg. Co-administration of sub-effective doses of both drugs acted synergistically in reversing learning deficits and scopolamine-induced memory impairments.

In our model, MTC reversed the spatial learning impairment. When combined with the ChEI rivastigmine, the effect of MTC appeared to be amplified indicating that combination therapy could potentially improve not only symptoms but also contribute beneficially to neuronal metabolism

by minimising side effects at lower doses.”
“Reactive oxygen species (ROS), particularly hydrogen peroxide, and the proteins that regulate them play important roles in the migration and adhesion of cells. Stimulation of cell surface receptors with growth factors and chemoattractants generates ROS, which relay signals from the cell surface to key signaling proteins inside the cell. ROS act within cells to promote migration and also in nonmigrating cells to influence the behavior of migrating cells. Hydrogen peroxide has also been suggested to act as a chemoattractant in its own right, drawing immune cells to wounds. We discuss recent progress made towards understanding how organisms use ROS, and to what degree they depend on them, during the related processes of cell migration and adhesion.

After adjusting for potential confounders, participants in the lo

After adjusting for potential confounders, participants in the lowest versus the highest quartile of total plasma carotenoids at enrollment were at higher risk of developing poor hip (odds ratio [OR] = 3.01, 95% CI, 1.43-6.31, p =.004),

knee (OR = 2.89, 95% CI, 1.38-6.02, p =.005), and grip (OR=1.88, 95% CI, 0.93-3.56, p =.07) muscle strength at the 6-year follow-up visit.

Conclusion. These findings suggest that older community-dwelling adults with lower plasma carotenoids levels, a marker of poor fruit and vegetable intake, are at a higher risk of decline in skeletal muscle strength over time.”
“The Seychelles Child Development Study was designed to test the hypothesis that prenatal exposure to MeHg from maternal consumption of a diet high in fish is detrimental to child neurodevelopment. To date, no consistent pattern of adverse associations between prenatal AZD5363 cost exposure and children’s development has appeared. In a comprehensive review of developmental studies involving MeHg, a panel of experts recommended a more consistent use of the same endpoints across studies to facilitate comparisons. Both the SCDS and the Faeroe Islands studies administered

the Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test. However, the method of test administration and scoring used was different. We repeated the test on the SCDS Main Study children (mean age 10.7 years) using the same testing and scoring procedure reported by the Faeroe studies to obtain Copying Task and Reproduction Task scores. We found Resveratrol no association between prenatal MeHg exposure and Copying Task scores which was reported from the Faeroese study. However, our analysis did show a significant adverse association between LY411575 nmr MeHg and Reproduction Task scores with all the data (p = 0.04), but not when the single outlier was removed (p = 0.07). In a population whose exposure to MeHg is from fish consumption, we continue to find no consistent adverse association between MeHg and visual motor coordination. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”

Atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease (PAD), common among older adults, is associated with poor low-extremity functioning. In considering functional status, varying domains exist, including activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), low-extremity mobility (LEM), and leisure and/or social activities (LSA). However, little is known about how PAD is related to functional status beyond low-extremity functioning.

Methods. A total of 1798 participants 60 years old or older was selected from the population-based National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002 in the United States. ADL, IADL, LSA, LEM, and general physical activities (GPA) were obtained by self-report. Peak leg force was obtained from an isokinetic dynamometer. Habitual gait speed was obtained from a 20-foot timed walk. PAD was defined as an ankle-brachial blood pressure index <0.

There was a significant increase of

There was a significant increase of click here PDC in LNs during acute infection. Blood PDC displayed only weak alpha interferon (IFN-alpha) responses to TLR9 agonist stimulation before infection. However, during acute infection, both blood and LN PDC showed a transiently increased propensity for IFN-alpha production. Bioactive IFN-alpha was detected in plasma concomitant with the peak of viremia, though levels were only low to moderate in some animals. Plasma interleukin 6 (IL-6)

and IL-12 were not increased. In conclusion, PDC were recruited to the LNs and displayed increased IFN-alpha production during acute infection. However, increases in IFN-alpha were transient. Together with the lack of inflammatory cytokine responses, these events might play an important role in the low level of T-cell activation which is associated

with protection against AIDS in nonpathogenic SIVagm infection.”
“OBJECTIVE: A classification system developed to characterize in-stent restenosis (ISR) after coronary percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stenting was modified and applied to describe the appearance and distribution of ISR occurring after Wingspan (Boston Scientific, Fremont, CA) intracranial percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stenting.

METHODS: A prospective, intention-to-treat, multicenter registry of Wingspan treatment for symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic disease was maintained. Clinical and angiographic follow-up results were recorded. ISR was defined as greater 4SC-202 in vivo than 50% stenosis within or immediately adjacent (within 5 mm) to the implanted stent(s) and greater than 20% absolute luminal loss. ISR lesions were classified by angiographic pattern, location, and severity in comparison with the original lesion treated.

RESULTS: Imaging follow-up (3-15.5 months) was available for 127 intracranial stenotic

lesions treated with Wingspan percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stenting. Forty-one lesions (32.3%) developed either ISR (n = 36 [28.3%]) or complete stent occlusion (n = 5 [3.9%]) after treatment. When restenotic lesions were characterized using the modified classification system, 25 Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase of 41 (61.0%) were focal lesions involving less than 50% of the length of the stented segment: three were Type IA (focal stenosis involving one end of the stent), 21 were Type IB (focal intrastent stenosis involving a segment completely contained within the stent), and one was Type IC (multiple noncontiguous focal stenoses). Eleven lesions (26.8%) demonstrated diffuse stenosis (>50% of the length of the stented segment): nine were Type II with diffuse intrastent stenosis (completely contained within the stent) and two were Type III with proliferative ISR (extending beyond the stented segment). Five stents were completely occluded at follow-up (Type IV).

Minimizing W(P) is sufficient

to produce statistically si

Minimizing W(P) is sufficient

to produce statistically significant native like secondary structures and hydrogen bonds in the proteins we simulated. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Episodic memory, the recollection of past events in one’s life, has often been considered a memory specific to humans. Recent work in a variety of species has challenged this view, and has raised important questions about the nature of episodic Selleck 3-deazaneplanocin A memory itself. We present a review of the types of task proposed as episodic-like in animals and consider that these tasks require animals to demonstrate memory for specific occasions in the past. We propose that identifying episodic memory as the memory for what happened where on a specific occasion is a more encompassing definition than one that relies on information about when an event occurred. These episodic-like tasks

in animals support the view that the hippocampal system is necessary for episodic memory, and that the neural substrates of episodic memory can be dissociated from those of other forms of declarative memory. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“In an inclusive fitness model of social behaviour, a key concept is that of the relatedness between two interactants. This is typically calculated with reference to a “”focal”" actor taken to be representative of all actors, but when there are different interaction configurations, relatedness EPZ5676 must be constructed as an average over all such configurations. We provide an example of such a calculation in

an island model with local reproduction Chorioepithelioma but global mortality, leading to variable island size and hence variable numbers of individual interactions. We find that the analysis of this example significantly sharpens our understanding of relatedness. As an application, we obtain a version of Hamilton’s rule for a tag-based model of altruism in a randomly mixed population. For large populations, the selective advantage of altruism is enhanced by low (but not too low) tag mutation rates and large numbers of tags. For moderate population sizes and moderate numbers of tags, we find a window of tag mutation rates with critical benefit/cost ratios of between 1 and 3. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Here we review our development of an animal model of episodic memory and amnesia that employs a signal detection analyses to characterize recognition memory performance in rats. This approach aims to distinguish episodic recollection of studied items from mere familiarity for recently experienced stimuli, and then to examine the neural basis of these memory processes. Our findings on intact animals indicate that it is possible to distinguish independent components of recognition that are associated with features of recollection and familiarity in humans.

Balloon expandable (n = 7) or self-expanding stents (n = 2) were

Balloon expandable (n = 7) or self-expanding stents (n = 2) were deployed (innominate, n = 2;

left common carotid, n = 2; left subclavian, n = 5) along with either TAG (W. L. Gore, Flagstaff, Ariz; n = 8) or Talent (Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minn; n = 1) endografts. Four patients required six surgical bypasses to additional arch vessels (right to left common carotid artery, n = 2; left common carotid to subclavian artery, n = 4).

Results: Indications for thoracic endograft placement were aortic transection (n = 4), aortic aneurysm (n = 2), aortotracheal fistula (n = 1), contained aortic aneurysm rupture (n = 1), and acute aortic dissection (n = 1). Endografts were deployed into zones 0 (n = 2), 1 (n = 2), and 2 (n = 5). Technical success of endovascular FHPI datasheet debranching was attained in eight of nine patients, with maintenance of branch perfusion and absence of endoleak. Perioperative morbidity included one myocardial infarction and one stroke that resulted in the patient’s death. During subsequent follow-up (range, 2-25 months), there were no instances of endoleak secondary to chimney stems. All debranched vessels maintained

primary patency.

Conclusion:Endovascular debranching permits planned extension of the thoracic endograft over arch vessels while further minimizing the need for open reconstruction. Short-term results indicate technical feasibility of this approach. Long-term outcomes remain undefined. (J Vase Surg 2011;53:1485-91.)”
“Spatially restricted signaling by Rho GTPases is essential for the polarization of eukaryotic

cells, which is required for the morphogenesis, mobility and division of single cells, and for the development of multicellular organisms. Rac-Rop GTPases, which constitute a plant-specific Rho GTPase subfamily, accumulate at the apical plasma membrane of pollen tubes and root hairs, where they control rapid polar cell expansion by a process known as tip growth. Here, recent insights into the spatial control of Rac-Rop-dependent signaling in tip-growing plant cells by regulatory proteins (i.e. Rho GTPase-activating proteins, Rho guanine nucleotide Adenosine dissociation inhibitors, Rho guanine nucleotide-exchange factors and phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C) and lipids [phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate and diacyl glycerol] are summarized. A model is presented, which integrates the current knowledge concerning the molecular mechanisms that maintain the polarization of Rho signaling in plant cells.”
“Rationale While diazepam is an effective anxiolytic and somnolent drug in humans, its physiological and behavioral effects in animals are often variable. Differences in basal activity state (basal arousal) may be important in determining both this response variability and the pattern of drug influence on behavioral and physiological responses to natural arousing stimuli and other drugs.

33%) were identified from 97,218 GB and AB operations performed b

33%) were identified from 97,218 GB and AB operations performed between 2007 and 2010 in this retrospective registry study. Significant differences were identified in male gender (21.1% vs 31.4%; P < .001), preoperative body mass index (BMI; 44.5 +/- 6.6 vs 45.3 +/- 7; P < .001), and African-American race (10.5% vs 18%; P < .001) between non-CPIVCF and CPIVCF groups. The CPIVCF group had more patients with previous nonbariatric surgery (50% vs 43.6%; P = .02), a history of venous thromboembolism (VTE; 21.4% vs 3.1%; P < .001), impairment of functional

status (7.8% vs 3.1%; P < .001), lower extremity edema (47.2% vs 27.1%; P < .001), obesity hypoventilation syndrome (7.1% vs 2.1%; P < .001), obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (58.1% vs 43.3%; P < .001), and pulmonary hypertension (13% vs 4.1%; c-Met inhibitor P < .001). Patients in the CPIVCF group were more likely to receive GB than gastric banding (77% vs 58.1%; P < .001) and an open surgical approach (21.4% vs 4.8%; P < .001). Operative duration was longer in the CPIVCF group (119 +/- 67 Selleckchem PD98059 vs 89 +/- 52 minutes; P < .001). The CPIVCF group also had a longer length of hospital stay (3 +/- 2 vs 2 +/- 6 days; P = .048), was associated with higher incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT; 0.93% vs 0.12%; P < .001), and had a higher mortality (0.31% vs 0.03%; P = .003) from PE and indeterminate

causes. In multivariate analysis, male gender, African-American race, previous nonbariatric surgery, a high BMI, obesity hypoventilation syndrome, history of VTE, lower extremity edema, and pulmonary hypertension

were preoperative factors associated with IMP dehydrogenase CPIVCF.

Conclusions: CPIVCF was associated with specific clinical features, increased health care resource utilization, and a higher mortality in patients undergoing bariatric operations. Although selected patient characteristics influence surgeons to perform CPIVCF, this study was unable to establish an outcome benefit for CPIVCF. (J Vasc Surg 2012;55:1690-5.)”
“Stimulation of the dorsal periaqueductal gray matter (DPAG) produces defensive behaviors which are reminiscent of panic attacks. Recent evidence from our laboratory showed that DPAG-evoked defensive behaviors are markedly attenuated in short-term methimazole-induced hypothyroidism. It is not clear, however, whether these effects were due to an increase in thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH), a decrease in thyroid hormones or to the overall effects of hypothyroidism. Accordingly, here we examined whether the peripheral injection of TRH has any effect either on the panic-like behaviors induced by electrical stimulation of DPAG or anxiety-like behaviors of rats exposed to the elevated plus-maze (EPM). Rats whose stimulation of DPAG produced flight responses (galloping or jumping) with intensities below 60 LA were injected with 1 mu g/kg TRH (i.p.) and stimulated 10 min after that. The day after, rats were treated with saline and subjected to the same stimulation procedure.

Aged rats showed significantly

(20-30 dB) elevated audito

Aged rats showed significantly

(20-30 dB) elevated auditory brainstem-evoked response thresholds across all tested frequencies and worse gap detection ability compared to young FBN rats. In situ hybridization and quantitative immunocytochemistry were used to measure GlyR subunit message and protein levels. There were significant age-related increases in the alpha(1) subunit message with significant age-related decreases in alpha(1) subunit protein. Gephyrin message and protein showed significant increases in aged DCN fusiform cells. The pharmacologic consequences of buy Erastin these ago-related subunit changes were assessed using [(3)H] strychnine binding. In support of the age-related decrease of alpha(1) subunit protein levels in DCN, there was a significant age-related decrease in the total number of GlyR binding sites with no significant change in affinity. These age-related changes may reflect an effort to reestablish a homeostatic balance between excitation and inhibition impacting on DCN fusiform cells by downregulation of inhibitory

function buy TPCA-1 in the face of an age-related loss of peripheral input. Age-related decrease in presynaptic glycine release results in altered subunit composition and this may correlate with loss of temporal coding of the aged fusiform cell in DCN. The previously reported role for gephyrin in retrograde intracellular receptor subunit trafficking could contribute to the alpha(1) decrease in the face of increased message. (C) 2009 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS-1) protein modulates cytokine signaling by binding to and inhibiting the function of Janus kinases (JAKs), ErbB, and other tyrosine kinases. We have developed a small tyrosine kinase inhibitor peptide (Tkip) that binds to the autophosphorylation site of tyrosine

kinases and inhibits activation of STAT transcription factors. We have also shown that a peptide corresponding to the kinase-inhibitory region of SOCS-1, SOCS1-KIR, similarly interacts with the activation loop of JAK2 and blocks STAT activation. Poxviruses activate cellular tyrosine kinases, Interleukin-3 receptor such as ErbB-1 and JAK2, in the infection of cells. We used the pathogenesis of vaccinia virus in C57BL/6 mice to determine the ability of the SOCS- 1 mimetics to protect mice against lethal vaccinia virus infection. Injection of mice intraperitoneally with Tkip or SOCS1-KIR containing a palmitate for cell penetration, before and at the time of intranasal challenge with 2 x 10(6) PFU of vaccinia virus, resulted in complete protection at 100 mu g. Initiation of treatment 1 day postinfection resulted in 80% survival. Administration of SOCS- 1 mimetics by the oral route also protected mice against lethal effects of the virus.

The bacteriophage genome consists of a double-stranded linear DNA

The bacteriophage genome consists of a double-stranded linear DNA genome of 49,381 bp with a GC content of 62.16%.”
“The main purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between quality of life (QOL) and cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia. Subjects were 61 stabilized outpatients. Quality of life and cognitive function were assessed using the Quality of CUDC-907 in vitro Life Scale (QLS) and the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS), respectively. Clinical symptoms were evaluated with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS). The BACS composite score and the BACS Verbal memory

score were positively correlated with the QLS total score and two subscales. The BACS Attention and speed of information processing score had positive correlation with the QLS total and all the subscales scores. The PANSS Positive and Negative syndrome scores also had significant correlations with the QLS total score and all of the subscales. In addition, the CDSS score was negatively correlated with the QLS total score and some of the subscales. Stepwise regression analysis showed that the BACS Attention and speed of information processing score was an independent CP-690550 nmr predictor of the QLS total score but it was less associated with the QLS than the PANSS Negative syndrome score

and the CDSS score. The results suggest that negative and depressive symptoms are important factors on patients’ QOL and also support the view that cognitive performance provides a determinant of QOL in patients with schizophrenia. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“This review highlights recent discoveries that have shaped the emerging Nintedanib (BIBF 1120) viewpoints in the field of epigenetic influences in the central nervous

system (CNS), focusing on the following questions: i) How is the CNS shaped during development when precursor cells transition into morphologically and molecularly distinct cell types, and is this event driven by epigenetic alterations?; ii) How do epigenetic pathways control CNS function?; iii) What happens to “”epigenetic memory”" during aging processes, and do these alterations cause CNS dysfunction?; iv) Can one restore normal CNS function by manipulating the epigenome using pharmacologic agents, and will this ameliorate aging-related neurodegeneration? These and other still unanswered questions remain critical to understanding the impact of multifaceted epigenetic machinery on the age-related dysfunction of CNS.”
“We reported the complete genome sequence of an H5N5 avian influenza virus (AIV) that was first isolated from duck in central China in 2010. Genomic sequence and phylogenetic analyses showed that this virus was a recombinant between H5N1 AIV circulated in southeastern Asia and an N5 subtype influenza virus. These data are beneficial for investigating the epidemiology and ecology of AIVs in central China.