Trainers instructed subjects on proper form for each exercise to

Trainers instructed subjects on proper form for each exercise to minimize variation in exercise technique. For

each exercise, a 4 second count was used for the concentric phase and a 2 second count for the eccentric phase. Exercises were designed to include major muscles in the upper arm, chest, LOXO-101 back, legs, shoulder and abdomen (Table 3). Table 2 Resistance training cycle/schedule   Reps Sets Rest btw Sets Total Days Block 1 8–10 2–3 1 min 21 Block 2 8–10 3–4 1 min 21 Block 3 10–12 3 up to 1 min 21 Block 4 10–12 4 up to 1 min 21 Table 3 Resistance training: muscle groups & assigned exercises   Muscles Involved Exercise Day 1 workout chest, triceps bench press; squats, dumbbell bench press, shoulder press, over head press Day 2 workout back, legs, and biceps bent over rows, lunges, 1 arm rows, upright rows, back extensions Day 3 workout legs, shoulder, abdominal flys, step-ups, shrugs, abdominal crunches, lateral raises A one-repetition

maximum (1-RM) was calculated as recommended by The American MLN2238 College of Sports Medicine [24] using the Brzycki regression equation, 1 RM = weight lifted during n RM/(1.0278-.0278(n), at the beginning of the study and each exercise block (week 1, 4, 7, 10), as a measure of strength. Subjects were required to participate in > 80% of exercise sessions over the 12 week period. Training logs for each subject were kept by assigned trainers. Statistical Analysis To evaluate the BI6727 effects of resistance training and protein supplementation on changes in strength and body composition a two-way repeated-measures analysis of variance design was utilized (Sigma Stat 3.0). The Tukey’s test for multiple comparisons was then conducted. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results Over the course of the study, three subjects dropped out because of the inability to schedule Lepirudin training sessions between employment demands and outside interests. One individual ceased participation due to relocation. Twenty-eight subjects

completed the study and were included in the final statistical analysis. Physical Characteristics The three groups resembled each other in most baseline physical characteristics of body weight, BMI, percent body fat, fat mass, and fat free mass. The soy group had an overall higher waist-to-hip ratio versus the whey group but neither group was different from the placebo group. All groups demonstrated a significant reduction (as per cent decrease) in waist-to-hip ratio (1.1%, p < 0.05), percent body fat (8.29%, p < 0.001) and fat mass (8.1%, p < 0.001) and a significant increase in fat free mass (2.6%, p < 0.001) over the course of the study, with no difference among groups (Table 4). As expected, there was no significant change in body weight or BMI. Table 4 Body composition measures.   PLACEBO1 WHEY1 SOY1 P-value   PRE2 POST2 PRE2 POST2 PRE2 POST2 PRE vs. POST3 Body Wt (kg) 89.9 ± 3.0 90.0 ± 3.0 90.


J Bacteriol 1994, 176:1121–1127.PubMed 13. Everett KDE, Kahane S, Bush RM, Friedman MG: An unspliced group I intron in 23S rRNA links Chlamydiales chloroplasts, and mitochondria. J Bacteriol 1999, 181:4734–4740.PubMed 14. Hsu D, Shih LM, Zee YC: Degradation of rRNA in Salmonella strains: a novel mechanism to regulate the concentrations of rRNA and ribosomes. J Bacteriol 1994, 176:4761–4765.PubMed 15. Pronk LM, Sanderson KE: Intervening sequences in rrl genes and

fragmentation of 23S rRNA in genera of the family Enterobacteriaceae. J Bacteriol 2001, 183:5782–5787.CrossRefPubMed 16. Selenska-Pobell S, Doring H: Sequences around the fragmentation sites of the large subunit ribosomal RNA in the family Rhizobiaceae. Antonie Leeuwenhoek 1998, 73:55–67.CrossRefPubMed 17. Van Camp G, Van De Peer Y, Nicolai S, Neefs J-M, Vandamme P, De Wachter NU7026 order R: Structure of 16S and 23S ribosomal RNA genes in Campylobacter species: Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Campylobacter and presence of internal transcribed spacers. Syst Appl mTOR inhibitor Microbiol 1993, 16:361–368. 18. Konkel ME, Marconi

RT, Mead DJ, Cieplak W Jr: Identification and characterization of an intervening sequence Selleck Z VAD FMK within the 23S ribosomal RNA genes of Campylobacter jejuni. Mol Microbiol 1994, 14:235–241.CrossRefPubMed 19. Trust TJ, Logan SM, Gustafson CE, Romaniuk PJ, Kim NW, Chan VL, Ragan MA, Guerry P, Gutell RR: Phylogenetic and molecular characterization of a 23S rRNA gene positions the genus Campylobacter in the epsilon subdivision of the Proteobacteria and shows that the presence of transcribed spacers is common in Campylobacter spp. J Bacteriol 1994, 176:4597–4609.PubMed Verteporfin solubility dmso 20. Chan K, Miller WG, Mandrell RE, Kathariou S: The absence of intervening sequences in 23S rRNA genes of Campylobacter coli isolates from turkeys

is a unique attribute of a cluster of related strains which also lack resistance to erythromycin. Appl Environ Microbiol 2007, 73:1208–1214.CrossRefPubMed 21. Matsuda M, Moore JE: Urease-positive thermophilic Campylobacter species. Appl Environ Microbiol 2004, 70:4415–4418.CrossRefPubMed 22. Tazumi A, Kakinuma Y, Takaku C, Sekizuka T, Moore JE, Millar BC, Taneike I, Matsuda M: Demostration of the absence of intervening sequences (IVSs) within 23S rRNA genes from Campylobacter lari. J Basic Microbiol 2009, 49:386–394.CrossRefPubMed 23. Sambrook J, Russell DW: Molecular cloning. a laboratory manual 3 Edition Cold Spring Harbor, New York, USA: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press 2001. 24. Thompson JD, Higgins DG, Gibson TJ: CLUSTAL W: improving the sensitivity of progressive multiple sequence alignment through sequence weighting, position-specific gap penalties and weight matrix choice. Nucleic Acids Res 1994, 22:4673–4680.CrossRefPubMed Authors’ contributions MM participated in design of the study, collected strains, drafted the manuscript and review of the manuscript. AT, and YK were involved with cloning, sequencing and analysis of the rRNA gene sequences from Campylobacter strains.

Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competi

Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions All authors participated in the conception, design, data collection and interpretation, manuscript preparation and literature search.”
“Background Since the outbreak of the H1N1 influenza pandemic in April 2009, an enormous body of literature presented various aspects of this new disease. Most of the reports describe epidemiological characteristics [1, 2] or the medical course and outcomes of patients with H1N1 [3–5], and are therefore GSK126 mouse presented mostly in the internal medicine or critical care medicine literature [6–9]. Recently, our acute care surgery service was confronted with 3 patients

who presented with relatively common surgical emergencies; however, due to concurrent selleck H1N1 infection, their hospital course was unexpectedly and dramatically extraordinary. Case 1 A healthy 19-year-old man fell from a 3-meter-long ladder and hit his head. At the scene he was comatose with a Glasgow Coma Score of 4; a right dilated and unresponsive pupil and no other obvious injuries were identified. He was intubated, ventilated and transferred to our trauma center. His family members reported that he complained of having a sore throat in the preceding 2 days. On admission, the initial significant physical findings

were a fever of 39.5°C, a heart rate of 150 beats/min and normal blood pressure. A large right fronto-parietal subcutaneous hematoma and a dilated right pupil were revealed. The chest X-ray was consistent with bilateral infiltrates that were presumed to be lung contusions or the result of aspiration. An abdominal ultrasound did not show intra-peritoneal, pelvic or pericardial fluid. A CT scan of the brain revealed a large fronto-parietal epidural hematoma on the right with a significant

mass effect, and multiple fractures of the frontal and temporal bones. A CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis was normal, and a CT scan of the chest showed the same bilateral, bibasilar infiltrates that were seen on the initial chest X-ray (figure 1). The patient underwent an emergency craniotomy with evacuation of the epidural hematoma and insertion of an Selleckchem PF-562271 intracranial pressure monitoring catheter (ICP). During the operation, due TCL to a significant yet unexplained decrease in the blood pressure the patient underwent an intraoperative trans-esophageal echocardiography that demonstrated a severe global left ventricular dysfunction with an ejection fraction of 15%. At that point the differential diagnosis was either of acute myocarditis related to a suspected streptococcal throat infection, cardiac contusion or catecholamine induced cardiomyopathy [10]. The patient was transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU); he was sedated, pharmacologically paralyzed, mechanically ventilated and required large doses of vasopressors to maintain a normal blood pressure.

An asterisk above the bars indicate statistically significant dif

An asterisk above the bars indicate statistically significant differences in mRNA levels between the C. sakazakii ES5 wt and mutant (P < 0.05). Conclusions By using a transposon knock out approach we were able to identify structural and regulatory genes in Cronobacter sakazakii ES5, deletion of which resulted in a dramatically

reduced capability to survive in serum. Additionally, several mutants were found displaying an enhanced survival Rabusertib mouse in serum as compared to the wild type. Analysis of the genetic elements possibly responsible for this phenotype revealed genes coding for chaperone-like proteins, regulatory (repressor) elements as well as genes for structures or components representing immunogenic targets. The deletion of the ybaJ element which is part of the antitoxin-toxin pair YbaJ-Hha resulted

in an abolished expression of a key element of the type selleck inhibitor 1 fimbriae. The absence of the latter most likely accounted for the enhanced survival of this mutant in human serum. Methods Bacterial strains and culture conditions Cronobacter sakazakii strain E5, a clinical strain was used in this study. Wild Ceramide glucosyltransferase type and mutant strains, E. coli DH5 alpha

as well as plasmids and primers that were included and constructed during the transposon library screening, the mutant complementation (BF4) and the expression (21_G1) experiments are summarized in Table 2. All strains were incubated at 37°C in Luria–Bertani (LB) broth, over night with gentle shaking. When appropriate, antibiotics were used at the following concentrations: kanamycin at 50 μg ml-1 and tetracyclin at 50 μg ml-1. Table 2 Material used in this study Strains/plasmids/primers Genotype/characteristic(s)/sequences Source or reference Strains     Cronobacter sakazakii       ES5 (wild type) Human isolate Hartmann et al., 2010, Johler et al., 2010 [11, 13]   BF4 (mutant) ΔESA_04103, KanR Hartmann et al., 2010 [13]   BF4_pCCR9 BF4 harboring pCCR9, KanR, TetR This study   BF4_pCCR9::ESA_04103 BF4 harboring pCCR9:: ESA_04103, KanR, TetR This study   21_G1 (mutant) ΔybaJ, KanR This study Escherichia coli DH5 alpha F– Φ 80lacZΔM15 Δ(lacZYA-argF) U169 recA1 endA1 hsdR17 (rK–, mK+) phoA supE44 λ– thi-1 gyrA96 relA1 Epicentre Plasmids       pUC19 High copy cloning/expression vector AmpR Epicentre   pCCR9 Low copy cloning/expression vector, TetR ATM/ATR phosphorylation Randegger et al.

Gastroenterology 1986, 91:644–50 PubMed 24 Travis EL, Thames HD

Gastroenterology 1986, 91:644–50.PubMed 24. Travis EL, Thames HD Jr, Tucker SL, Watkins TL, Kiss I: Protection of mouse jejunal crypt

cells by WR-2721 after small doses of radiation. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 1986, 12:807–14.PubMedCrossRef 25. van Laar JA, van der Wilt CL, Treskes M, van der Vijgh WJ, Peters GJ: Effect of WR-2721 on the toxicity and antitumor activity of the combination of carboplatin and 5-fluorouracil. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 1992, 31:97–102.PubMedCrossRef 26. van der Wilt CL, van Laar JA, Gyergyay F, Smid K, Peters GJ: Biochemical modification of the toxicity and the anti-tumour effect of 5-fluorouracil and cis-platinum by WR-2721 in mice. Eur J Cancer 1992, 28A:2017–24.PubMedCrossRef 27. Bedwell J, Chatlani PT, MacRobert AJ, Roberts JE, Barr H, Dillon J, Bown SG: Enhanced tumour selectivity PRI-724 in vivo of photodynamic therapy in the rat colon using a radioprotective agent. Photochem Photobiol 1991, 53:753–6.PubMed 28. Montana GS, Anscher MS, Mansbach CM,

Delannes M, Carke-Pearson D, Gaydica EF: Topical application of WR-2721 to prevent radiation-induced proctosigmoiditis. A phase I/II trial. Cancer 1992, 69:2826–30.PubMedCrossRef 29. Vorgias G, Profitis E, Sarris G, Strigou S, Kosmas C, Katsoulis M, Karamoussa E, Kalinoglou N, Koliarakis N, Dertimas B, Bafaloukos D, Akrivos T: Evaluation of the possible benefits of post-radiotherapy surgery after concomitant chemoradiotherapy with a new radio-sensitizing regimen (irinotecan/CPT-11, interferon A2b and amifostine) for advanced-stage cervical carcinoma. mTOR inhibitor Preliminary results of a pilot phase-II

SRT1720 cell line study. J BUON 2009, 14:197–202.PubMed 30. Nicolatou-Galitis O, Sotiropoulou-Lontou A, Velegraki A, Pissakas G, Kolitsi G, Kyprianou K, Kouloulias V, Papanikolaou I, Yiotakis I, Dardoufas K: Oral candidiasis in head and neck cancer patients receiving radiotherapy with amifostine cytoprotection. Oral Oncol 2003, 39:397–401.PubMedCrossRef 31. Winczura P, Jassem J: Combined treatment with cytoprotective agents and radiotherapy. Cancer Treat Rev 2009, in press. 32. Trotti A: The evolution and application of toxicity criteria. Sem Rad Oncol 2002, 12:1–3.CrossRef 33. Hardy RG, Brown RM, Miller SJ, Tselepis C, Morton DG, Jankowski JA, Sanders DS: Transient P-cadherin expression in radiation proctitis; a model of mucosal injury and repair. J Pathol PFKL 2002, 197:194–200.PubMedCrossRef 34. Kouvaris J, Kouloulias V, Malas E, Antypas C, Kokakis J, Michopoulos S, Matsopoulos G, Vlahos L: Amifostine as radioprotective agent for the rectal mucosa during irradiation of pelvic tumors. A phase II randomized study using various toxicity scales and rectosigmoidoscopy. Strahlenther Onkol 2003, 179:167–74.PubMedCrossRef 35. Leupin N, Curschmann J, Kranzbühler H, Maurer CA, Laissue JA, Mazzucchelli L: Acute radiation colitis in patients treated with short-term preoperative radiotherapy for rectal cancer. Am J Surg Pathol 2002, 26:498–504.

A previous study suggested the presence of a single L-arabitol de

A previous study suggested the presence of a single L-arabitol dehydrogenase encoding gene involved in the L-arabinose catabolism [6], as a UV mutant of this gene was devoid of L-arabitol dehydrogenase activity. It is therefore likely that LadB and LadC have different biological functions f LadA. Modelling of the structure from A. niger LadA Cilengitide research buy and XdhA on human D-sorbitol dehydrogenase revealed a large number of amino acids that are conserved in all three types of dehydrogenases, including the residues involved in Zinc binding (H80, E81 and E166, numbers from LadA sequence) [13].

None of the residues that were conserved in L-arabitol and D-sorbitol dehydrogenases, but different in xylitol dehydrogenases were in close proximity of the substrate cleft. However, two of the residues (F62 and F302 from XdhA) that were conserved in xylitol and D-sorbitol dehydrogenases, but different in L-arabitol dehydrogenases (corresponding to M70 and Y318 from LadA) were located very close to the substrate, suggesting that they may be important for substrate specificity. As both XdhA and D-sorbitol dehydrogenase are active on D-sorbitol, whereas LadA has very little

activity on this substrate [5] this could indicate that these residues are important for activity on D-sorbitol. The M70F mutation of LadA of A. niger resulted in almost complete inactivation of the enzyme on a variety of substrates. The reason for this is not clear at this point, but a possible

explanation could be that M70 in this particular enzyme influences the 3-dimensional structure; thus see more Smoothened Agonist in vitro promoting enzyme activity. As the aim of this study was to identify residues important in substrate specificity, we did not further investigate this mutation. The Y318F mutation of LadA resulted in increased affinity of the enzyme for D-sorbitol, while the Vmax and Kcat increased for L-arabitol and xylitol. Projection of the catalytic site of LAD, SDH and XDH predicts that the tyrosine residue in LAD and the phenylalanine in SDH selleck products and XDH are in exactly the same position (Fig. 3). This suggests that the OH group on the Y318 is the only structural difference between LadA and the Y318F mutant protein. This demonstrates that the presence of a phenylalanine at this position contributes significantly to D-sorbitol dehydrogenase activity. This OH-group probably affects positioning of D-sorbitol by hydrogen-bond formation in the substrate binding site, which prevents efficient catalysis in native A. niger LadA. The tyrosine residue does not affect affinity of LadA for L-arabitol and xylitol. However, the increased activity in the mutant suggests that the presence of the OH-group delays release of the products (L-xylulose and D-xylulose). D-sorbitol and xylitol differ structurally from L-arabitol with respect to positioning of the OH-group on C2 and C4, while D-sorbitol has an additional OH group at C5 compared to xylitol (Fig. 4).

A pristine memory device with high initial resistance state (IRS)

A pristine memory device with high initial resistance state (IRS) can be switched in to a low-resistance state (LRS) by applying a high voltage stress. This process is called the ‘electroforming process’ or simply ‘forming process’ and alters the resistance

of the pristine device irreversibly [15, 37]. Some RRAM devices do not need the forming process and are called forming-free devices. Forming-free devices are highly required for RRAM practical application and are reported infrequently [38–41]. After the forming process, the RRAM device can be switched to a high-resistance state (HRS), generally lower than that of the IRS by the application of a particular voltage called reset voltage. This process is called ‘RESET process.’ see more Switching from a HRS to a LRS called ‘SET.’ In the SET process, generally, the current is limited by the current compliance (CC) in order to avoid device damage. AG-881 The resistive switching in unipolar mode has been observed in many highly insulating oxides, such as binary metal oxides [10]. The unipolar devices suffer from high non-uniformity and poor endurance. In bipolar

resistive switching mode, the SET and RESET occur in the opposite polarity, i.e., if memory device can be set by applying positive voltage on TE, then only negative voltage can reset the device (Figure 3b). So, this type of resistive switching is sensitive to the polarity

of the applied voltage. For bipolar switching to occur, the MIM stack should be asymmetric generally, such as different electrodes or a dedicated voltage polarity for the forming process. Many oxides show bipolar resistive switching and will be also discussed later. The devices in which unipolar and bipolar modes can be changed by changing the operation conditions are called ‘nonpolar’ devices [42], and the resistive switching mechanism is explained below. Figure 3 Switching mode of the RRAM devices. (a) I-V curves for unipolar (nonpolar) switching where the switching direction is independent on the polarity of the applied Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II voltage and (b) bipolar switching. In bipolar switching, SET and RESET occur at opposite polarity bias. Resistive switching mechanism Generally, depending on the conduction path, the switching mechanism can be classified as (1) filamentary-type and (2) interface-type, as shown in Figure 4. In the filamentary model, the switching originates from the formation/rupture of conducting filament in the switching material by the application of suitable external bias shown in Figure 4a [15, 17]. The filamentary paths are formed under SET and ruptured under RESET. Electrochemical migration of oxygen ions and redox reaction near the metal/oxide interface is widely considered as the possible mechanism behind the formation and rupture of the filaments [43].

Both methods gave comparable results within the first 3 days; lat

Both methods gave comparable results within the first 3 days; later CellTitert-Glo underestimated the numbers of transformed cells. The primary cells selleck kinase inhibitor isolated from rat embryos (RECs) at gestation day 13.5 (y) grew much slower than those isolated at day 15.5 (o) [30]. The population doubling time (PDT) calculated from growth curves for the oRECs was approximately 2-fold shorter than that for yRECs (Table 1). Table 1 Comparison of the values of the population doubling times (PDTs) Cells Age of RECs Overexpressed proteins PDT [h] Rat embryonal cells (RECs) yRECs 13.5 gd – 85.8 oRECs LCZ696 solubility dmso 15.5 gd – 44.8 Cell clones 402/534 13.5 gd p53 135Val 32.07 602/534 15.5 gd p53 135Val

14.20 189/111 13.5 gd p53 135Val c-Ha-Ras 11.52 173/1022 15.5 gd p53 135V\al c-Ha-Ras 11.16 The increase of the cell numbers within the time period between 24 h and 48 h after plating was used for determination of the PDT RECs transfected with ts p53135Val mutant alone, or simultaneously with human c-Ha-RAS, generated immortalized and transformed cells, respectively. As described previously [30], JNK-IN-8 chemical structure the phenotype of immortalized cells resembled that of primary cells. However, in contrast to RECs, cells

expressing ts p53135Val got over the Hayflick limit and did not undergo senescence. Cotransfection with c-Ha-RAS resulted in a clear change of cell morphology to spindle-shaped [30] and conferred the generated cell lines a high mitotic potential. The features of transformed cells were also functionally proved. After subcutaneous injection of cells overexpressing p53135Val +c-Ha-Ras into rats large tumors appeared within approximately 2 weeks [30]. As shown in Fig. 1, the transformed cells Protein tyrosine phosphatase divided very rapidly. Interestingly, the immortalized and transformed

cell lines originating from oRECs (clone 602/534 and 173/1022), divided at 37°C much more rapidly than those from yRECs (clone 402/534 and 189/111). The population doubling time (PDT) was calculated for each cell clone from the growth curves. As depicted in Table 1, even immortalization of yRECs with ts p53135Val mutant (clone 402/534) did not confer them high mitotic potential at non-permissive temperature. On the other hand, the proliferative potential of their counterparts generated from oRECs was markedly higher. Interestingly, the same trend was observed in transformed cell lines after co-transfection with c-Ha-RAS. However, during the time period between 24 h and 48 h after cell plating, the transformed cells did not gain the full dividing capacity. The difference in the proliferation rate between transformed y and o cell clones became evident 48 h after cell plating (Fig. 1). Fig. 1 Kinetics of proliferation of immortalized and transformed rat cells. Immortalized (402/534 and 602/534) and transformed (189/111 and 173/1022) cell clones established in RECs from embryos at 13.5 (y) and 15.5 (o) gestation days were examined.

8 and 3 2 fold) of transcription were observed This is in agreem

8 and 3.2 fold) of transcription were observed. This is in agreement with a prior report of decreased transcription of PARP signaling ciaB under starvation stress [10]. HtrA is important for stress tolerance and survival of Gram-negative bacteria as it degrades periplasmic proteins that misfold under stress [36, 37]. HtrA is also important for the virulence of C. jejuni[39, 55–57], and we showed herein that HtrA is important for intra-amoeba survival of C. jejuni by using the htrA mutant (Figure  3). However, limited data are available regarding htrA transcriptional regulation during environmental stress in C. jejuni. Our qRT-PCR results showed that

heat, oxidative and low nutrient stresses only slightly altered htrA transcription. Because the basal level of transcription of htrA is rather high and only limited buy STI571 variations in transcription were observed under stress, the levels of HtrA protein may be sufficient to maintain a proper periplasmic environment under all conditions tested. Surprisingly, osmotic stress heavily repressed the transcription of htrA (~10 fold). Such down-regulation is counter-intuitive since

hyper osmotic stress likely causes aggregation of proteins upon loss of cellular fluids by osmosis. Other stress-response mechanisms may be up-regulated to counter-act the down-regulation of transcription of htrA. Their GSI-IX chemical structure identity is up for debate since C. jejuni does not have the traditional CpX and RseA/B stress response systems

[39]. While the DnaJ chaperone plays a role in C. jejuni thermo-tolerance and in chicken colonization [11, 38], and dnaJ transcription was shown previously to be enhanced under heat stress [12], we did not observe any effect of heat stress on the transcription of dnaJ. This discrepancy is likely due to the very different heat stresses applied. Our study was geared at studying changes occurring during the chain of transmission (change from ambient to chicken temperature of 42°C) and during food processing (warm up to 55°C) as also reported by Gundogdu et al. [13], Urease while available transcriptional studies are more focused on changes occurring during chicken/human host transition (42–37°C variations) [12]. Altogether, although the levels of transcriptional regulation were generally low and varied between the three virulence-associated genes tested, similar trends were observed: up-regulations upon oxidative and heat stress versus down-regulation upon low nutrient and osmotic stresses. This indicates that stress-response mechanisms other than those encoded by the three genes investigated are more important in assisting cells to overcome low nutrient and osmotic stresses. Effect of pre-exposure to stress on uptake of C.

A report of 121 families with proven mutations Clin Genet 2008,7

A report of 121 families with proven mutations. Clin Genet 2008,74(3):233–242.PubMedCrossRef 6. Vasen

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