RBF is a local approximator that yields greater accuracy in local purposes, while MLP is a more appropriate choice for global approximation . Backpropagation leads to either a linear or nonlinear mapping between the input and output by an algebraic activation function. Backpropagation requires a certain number of input sets to train the network to initiate the approximation. The number of input sets, the accuracy of the training, and the parameters of the network greatly influence the accuracy of the approximation. The application of the traditional backpropagation technique to embedded systems could generate problems due to the constraints of memory size, processing capability and energy required for the calculation.
To overcome these limitations, in this study the entire network is continuously updated for training and data approximation solely by using a limited number of neurons and samples.Data classification is a secondary neural network application that is especially useful when the data classes are only partially known [14,15]. Moreover, due to the employment of probabilistic features, making decisions regarding class borders is possible. The development of probabilistic neural networks is based on training the network according to data classes; the new data is classified according to the recently obtained ��probability density function�� (PDF) .In our study, to wirelessly process the data, the data are first approximated by a dynamic backpropagation mechanism and then classified by a probabilistic radial basis function (RBF) network implemented on a wireless sensor network, seen in Figure 1.
Using two different ANN architectures leads to flexibility and higher accuracy of approximation and classification mechanisms. The data approximation is carried out for temperature and humidity records of different positions in a food transportation truck. After the data are approximated, they are compared with current values, thereby generating so-called approximation residuals. Finally, according to the structure of the probabilistic Anacetrapib RBF classifier, the data are classified into one of several predefined classes. The defined classes are used to evaluate reliability of the records in wireless sensor network. Therefore, the applied backpropagation algorithm approximates the records of each node which is processed by an RBF classification network to detect any abnormality in wireless sensor network.
Figure 1.ANN for data approximation and classification.2.?Related WorksPresently, knowledge-based approaches are applied to intelligent transportation. ANN-based diagnosis, real-time traffic signal control, and road signal analysis are some applications of ANN found in transportation systems [17,18]. An automated food inspection system is a further application for use in intelligent food transportation industries .