After adjusting for potential confounders, participants in the lo

After adjusting for potential confounders, participants in the lowest versus the highest quartile of total plasma carotenoids at enrollment were at higher risk of developing poor hip (odds ratio [OR] = 3.01, 95% CI, 1.43-6.31, p =.004),

knee (OR = 2.89, 95% CI, 1.38-6.02, p =.005), and grip (OR=1.88, 95% CI, 0.93-3.56, p =.07) muscle strength at the 6-year follow-up visit.

Conclusion. These findings suggest that older community-dwelling adults with lower plasma carotenoids levels, a marker of poor fruit and vegetable intake, are at a higher risk of decline in skeletal muscle strength over time.”
“The Seychelles Child Development Study was designed to test the hypothesis that prenatal exposure to MeHg from maternal consumption of a diet high in fish is detrimental to child neurodevelopment. To date, no consistent pattern of adverse associations between prenatal AZD5363 cost exposure and children’s development has appeared. In a comprehensive review of developmental studies involving MeHg, a panel of experts recommended a more consistent use of the same endpoints across studies to facilitate comparisons. Both the SCDS and the Faeroe Islands studies administered

the Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test. However, the method of test administration and scoring used was different. We repeated the test on the SCDS Main Study children (mean age 10.7 years) using the same testing and scoring procedure reported by the Faeroe studies to obtain Copying Task and Reproduction Task scores. We found Resveratrol no association between prenatal MeHg exposure and Copying Task scores which was reported from the Faeroese study. However, our analysis did show a significant adverse association between LY411575 nmr MeHg and Reproduction Task scores with all the data (p = 0.04), but not when the single outlier was removed (p = 0.07). In a population whose exposure to MeHg is from fish consumption, we continue to find no consistent adverse association between MeHg and visual motor coordination. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Background.

Atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease (PAD), common among older adults, is associated with poor low-extremity functioning. In considering functional status, varying domains exist, including activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), low-extremity mobility (LEM), and leisure and/or social activities (LSA). However, little is known about how PAD is related to functional status beyond low-extremity functioning.

Methods. A total of 1798 participants 60 years old or older was selected from the population-based National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2002 in the United States. ADL, IADL, LSA, LEM, and general physical activities (GPA) were obtained by self-report. Peak leg force was obtained from an isokinetic dynamometer. Habitual gait speed was obtained from a 20-foot timed walk. PAD was defined as an ankle-brachial blood pressure index <0.

There was a significant increase of

There was a significant increase of click here PDC in LNs during acute infection. Blood PDC displayed only weak alpha interferon (IFN-alpha) responses to TLR9 agonist stimulation before infection. However, during acute infection, both blood and LN PDC showed a transiently increased propensity for IFN-alpha production. Bioactive IFN-alpha was detected in plasma concomitant with the peak of viremia, though levels were only low to moderate in some animals. Plasma interleukin 6 (IL-6)

and IL-12 were not increased. In conclusion, PDC were recruited to the LNs and displayed increased IFN-alpha production during acute infection. However, increases in IFN-alpha were transient. Together with the lack of inflammatory cytokine responses, these events might play an important role in the low level of T-cell activation which is associated

with protection against AIDS in nonpathogenic SIVagm infection.”
“OBJECTIVE: A classification system developed to characterize in-stent restenosis (ISR) after coronary percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stenting was modified and applied to describe the appearance and distribution of ISR occurring after Wingspan (Boston Scientific, Fremont, CA) intracranial percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stenting.

METHODS: A prospective, intention-to-treat, multicenter registry of Wingspan treatment for symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic disease was maintained. Clinical and angiographic follow-up results were recorded. ISR was defined as greater 4SC-202 in vivo than 50% stenosis within or immediately adjacent (within 5 mm) to the implanted stent(s) and greater than 20% absolute luminal loss. ISR lesions were classified by angiographic pattern, location, and severity in comparison with the original lesion treated.

RESULTS: Imaging follow-up (3-15.5 months) was available for 127 intracranial stenotic

lesions treated with Wingspan percutaneous transluminal angioplasty with stenting. Forty-one lesions (32.3%) developed either ISR (n = 36 [28.3%]) or complete stent occlusion (n = 5 [3.9%]) after treatment. When restenotic lesions were characterized using the modified classification system, 25 Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase of 41 (61.0%) were focal lesions involving less than 50% of the length of the stented segment: three were Type IA (focal stenosis involving one end of the stent), 21 were Type IB (focal intrastent stenosis involving a segment completely contained within the stent), and one was Type IC (multiple noncontiguous focal stenoses). Eleven lesions (26.8%) demonstrated diffuse stenosis (>50% of the length of the stented segment): nine were Type II with diffuse intrastent stenosis (completely contained within the stent) and two were Type III with proliferative ISR (extending beyond the stented segment). Five stents were completely occluded at follow-up (Type IV).

Minimizing W(P) is sufficient

to produce statistically si

Minimizing W(P) is sufficient

to produce statistically significant native like secondary structures and hydrogen bonds in the proteins we simulated. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Episodic memory, the recollection of past events in one’s life, has often been considered a memory specific to humans. Recent work in a variety of species has challenged this view, and has raised important questions about the nature of episodic Selleck 3-deazaneplanocin A memory itself. We present a review of the types of task proposed as episodic-like in animals and consider that these tasks require animals to demonstrate memory for specific occasions in the past. We propose that identifying episodic memory as the memory for what happened where on a specific occasion is a more encompassing definition than one that relies on information about when an event occurred. These episodic-like tasks

in animals support the view that the hippocampal system is necessary for episodic memory, and that the neural substrates of episodic memory can be dissociated from those of other forms of declarative memory. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“In an inclusive fitness model of social behaviour, a key concept is that of the relatedness between two interactants. This is typically calculated with reference to a “”focal”" actor taken to be representative of all actors, but when there are different interaction configurations, relatedness EPZ5676 must be constructed as an average over all such configurations. We provide an example of such a calculation in

an island model with local reproduction Chorioepithelioma but global mortality, leading to variable island size and hence variable numbers of individual interactions. We find that the analysis of this example significantly sharpens our understanding of relatedness. As an application, we obtain a version of Hamilton’s rule for a tag-based model of altruism in a randomly mixed population. For large populations, the selective advantage of altruism is enhanced by low (but not too low) tag mutation rates and large numbers of tags. For moderate population sizes and moderate numbers of tags, we find a window of tag mutation rates with critical benefit/cost ratios of between 1 and 3. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Here we review our development of an animal model of episodic memory and amnesia that employs a signal detection analyses to characterize recognition memory performance in rats. This approach aims to distinguish episodic recollection of studied items from mere familiarity for recently experienced stimuli, and then to examine the neural basis of these memory processes. Our findings on intact animals indicate that it is possible to distinguish independent components of recognition that are associated with features of recollection and familiarity in humans.

Balloon expandable (n = 7) or self-expanding stents (n = 2) were

Balloon expandable (n = 7) or self-expanding stents (n = 2) were deployed (innominate, n = 2;

left common carotid, n = 2; left subclavian, n = 5) along with either TAG (W. L. Gore, Flagstaff, Ariz; n = 8) or Talent (Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minn; n = 1) endografts. Four patients required six surgical bypasses to additional arch vessels (right to left common carotid artery, n = 2; left common carotid to subclavian artery, n = 4).

Results: Indications for thoracic endograft placement were aortic transection (n = 4), aortic aneurysm (n = 2), aortotracheal fistula (n = 1), contained aortic aneurysm rupture (n = 1), and acute aortic dissection (n = 1). Endografts were deployed into zones 0 (n = 2), 1 (n = 2), and 2 (n = 5). Technical success of endovascular FHPI datasheet debranching was attained in eight of nine patients, with maintenance of branch perfusion and absence of endoleak. Perioperative morbidity included one myocardial infarction and one stroke that resulted in the patient’s death. During subsequent follow-up (range, 2-25 months), there were no instances of endoleak secondary to chimney stems. All debranched vessels maintained

primary patency.

Conclusion:Endovascular debranching permits planned extension of the thoracic endograft over arch vessels while further minimizing the need for open reconstruction. Short-term results indicate technical feasibility of this approach. Long-term outcomes remain undefined. (J Vase Surg 2011;53:1485-91.)”
“Spatially https://www.selleckchem.com/products/BKM-120.html restricted signaling by Rho GTPases is essential for the polarization of eukaryotic

cells, which is required for the morphogenesis, mobility and division of single cells, and for the development of multicellular organisms. Rac-Rop GTPases, which constitute a plant-specific Rho GTPase subfamily, accumulate at the apical plasma membrane of pollen tubes and root hairs, where they control rapid polar cell expansion by a process known as tip growth. Here, recent insights into the spatial control of Rac-Rop-dependent signaling in tip-growing plant cells by regulatory proteins (i.e. Rho GTPase-activating proteins, Rho guanine nucleotide Adenosine dissociation inhibitors, Rho guanine nucleotide-exchange factors and phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C) and lipids [phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate and diacyl glycerol] are summarized. A model is presented, which integrates the current knowledge concerning the molecular mechanisms that maintain the polarization of Rho signaling in plant cells.”
“Rationale While diazepam is an effective anxiolytic and somnolent drug in humans, its physiological and behavioral effects in animals are often variable. Differences in basal activity state (basal arousal) may be important in determining both this response variability and the pattern of drug influence on behavioral and physiological responses to natural arousing stimuli and other drugs.

33%) were identified from 97,218 GB and AB operations performed b

33%) were identified from 97,218 GB and AB operations performed between 2007 and 2010 in this retrospective registry study. Significant differences were identified in male gender (21.1% vs 31.4%; P < .001), preoperative body mass index (BMI; 44.5 +/- 6.6 vs 45.3 +/- 7; P < .001), and African-American race (10.5% vs 18%; P < .001) between non-CPIVCF and CPIVCF groups. The CPIVCF group had more patients with previous nonbariatric surgery (50% vs 43.6%; P = .02), a history of venous thromboembolism (VTE; 21.4% vs 3.1%; P < .001), impairment of functional

status (7.8% vs 3.1%; P < .001), lower extremity edema (47.2% vs 27.1%; P < .001), obesity hypoventilation syndrome (7.1% vs 2.1%; P < .001), obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (58.1% vs 43.3%; P < .001), and pulmonary hypertension (13% vs 4.1%; c-Met inhibitor P < .001). Patients in the CPIVCF group were more likely to receive GB than gastric banding (77% vs 58.1%; P < .001) and an open surgical approach (21.4% vs 4.8%; P < .001). Operative duration was longer in the CPIVCF group (119 +/- 67 Selleckchem PD98059 vs 89 +/- 52 minutes; P < .001). The CPIVCF group also had a longer length of hospital stay (3 +/- 2 vs 2 +/- 6 days; P = .048), was associated with higher incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT; 0.93% vs 0.12%; P < .001), and had a higher mortality (0.31% vs 0.03%; P = .003) from PE and indeterminate

causes. In multivariate analysis, male gender, African-American race, previous nonbariatric surgery, a high BMI, obesity hypoventilation syndrome, history of VTE, lower extremity edema, and pulmonary hypertension

were preoperative factors associated with IMP dehydrogenase CPIVCF.

Conclusions: CPIVCF was associated with specific clinical features, increased health care resource utilization, and a higher mortality in patients undergoing bariatric operations. Although selected patient characteristics influence surgeons to perform CPIVCF, this study was unable to establish an outcome benefit for CPIVCF. (J Vasc Surg 2012;55:1690-5.)”
“Stimulation of the dorsal periaqueductal gray matter (DPAG) produces defensive behaviors which are reminiscent of panic attacks. Recent evidence from our laboratory showed that DPAG-evoked defensive behaviors are markedly attenuated in short-term methimazole-induced hypothyroidism. It is not clear, however, whether these effects were due to an increase in thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH), a decrease in thyroid hormones or to the overall effects of hypothyroidism. Accordingly, here we examined whether the peripheral injection of TRH has any effect either on the panic-like behaviors induced by electrical stimulation of DPAG or anxiety-like behaviors of rats exposed to the elevated plus-maze (EPM). Rats whose stimulation of DPAG produced flight responses (galloping or jumping) with intensities below 60 LA were injected with 1 mu g/kg TRH (i.p.) and stimulated 10 min after that. The day after, rats were treated with saline and subjected to the same stimulation procedure.

Aged rats showed significantly

(20-30 dB) elevated audito

Aged rats showed significantly

(20-30 dB) elevated auditory brainstem-evoked response thresholds across all tested frequencies and worse gap detection ability compared to young FBN rats. In situ hybridization and quantitative immunocytochemistry were used to measure GlyR subunit message and protein levels. There were significant age-related increases in the alpha(1) subunit message with significant age-related decreases in alpha(1) subunit protein. Gephyrin message and protein showed significant increases in aged DCN fusiform cells. The pharmacologic consequences of buy Erastin these ago-related subunit changes were assessed using [(3)H] strychnine binding. In support of the age-related decrease of alpha(1) subunit protein levels in DCN, there was a significant age-related decrease in the total number of GlyR binding sites with no significant change in affinity. These age-related changes may reflect an effort to reestablish a homeostatic balance between excitation and inhibition impacting on DCN fusiform cells by downregulation of inhibitory

function buy TPCA-1 in the face of an age-related loss of peripheral input. Age-related decrease in presynaptic glycine release results in altered subunit composition and this may correlate with loss of temporal coding of the aged fusiform cell in DCN. The previously reported role for gephyrin in retrograde intracellular receptor subunit trafficking could contribute to the alpha(1) decrease in the face of increased message. (C) 2009 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS-1) protein modulates cytokine signaling by binding to and inhibiting the function of Janus kinases (JAKs), ErbB, and other tyrosine kinases. We have developed a small tyrosine kinase inhibitor peptide (Tkip) that binds to the autophosphorylation site of tyrosine

kinases and inhibits activation of STAT transcription factors. We have also shown that a peptide corresponding to the kinase-inhibitory region of SOCS-1, SOCS1-KIR, similarly interacts with the activation loop of JAK2 and blocks STAT activation. Poxviruses activate cellular tyrosine kinases, Interleukin-3 receptor such as ErbB-1 and JAK2, in the infection of cells. We used the pathogenesis of vaccinia virus in C57BL/6 mice to determine the ability of the SOCS- 1 mimetics to protect mice against lethal vaccinia virus infection. Injection of mice intraperitoneally with Tkip or SOCS1-KIR containing a palmitate for cell penetration, before and at the time of intranasal challenge with 2 x 10(6) PFU of vaccinia virus, resulted in complete protection at 100 mu g. Initiation of treatment 1 day postinfection resulted in 80% survival. Administration of SOCS- 1 mimetics by the oral route also protected mice against lethal effects of the virus.

The bacteriophage genome consists of a double-stranded linear DNA

The bacteriophage genome consists of a double-stranded linear DNA genome of 49,381 bp with a GC content of 62.16%.”
“The main purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between quality of life (QOL) and cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia. Subjects were 61 stabilized outpatients. Quality of life and cognitive function were assessed using the Quality of CUDC-907 in vitro Life Scale (QLS) and the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS), respectively. Clinical symptoms were evaluated with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS). The BACS composite score and the BACS Verbal memory

score were positively correlated with the QLS total score and two subscales. The BACS Attention and speed of information processing score had positive correlation with the QLS total and all the subscales scores. The PANSS Positive and Negative syndrome scores also had significant correlations with the QLS total score and all of the subscales. In addition, the CDSS score was negatively correlated with the QLS total score and some of the subscales. Stepwise regression analysis showed that the BACS Attention and speed of information processing score was an independent CP-690550 nmr predictor of the QLS total score but it was less associated with the QLS than the PANSS Negative syndrome score

and the CDSS score. The results suggest that negative and depressive symptoms are important factors on patients’ QOL and also support the view that cognitive performance provides a determinant of QOL in patients with schizophrenia. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“This review highlights recent discoveries that have shaped the emerging Nintedanib (BIBF 1120) viewpoints in the field of epigenetic influences in the central nervous

system (CNS), focusing on the following questions: i) How is the CNS shaped during development when precursor cells transition into morphologically and molecularly distinct cell types, and is this event driven by epigenetic alterations?; ii) How do epigenetic pathways control CNS function?; iii) What happens to “”epigenetic memory”" during aging processes, and do these alterations cause CNS dysfunction?; iv) Can one restore normal CNS function by manipulating the epigenome using pharmacologic agents, and will this ameliorate aging-related neurodegeneration? These and other still unanswered questions remain critical to understanding the impact of multifaceted epigenetic machinery on the age-related dysfunction of CNS.”
“We reported the complete genome sequence of an H5N5 avian influenza virus (AIV) that was first isolated from duck in central China in 2010. Genomic sequence and phylogenetic analyses showed that this virus was a recombinant between H5N1 AIV circulated in southeastern Asia and an N5 subtype influenza virus. These data are beneficial for investigating the epidemiology and ecology of AIVs in central China.

Serious adverse events occurred in 23% of patients (35 of 154) re

Serious adverse events occurred in 23% of patients (35 of 154) receiving romiplostim and 37% of patients (28 of 75) receiving the standard of care.

Conclusions: Patients treated with romiplostim had a higher rate of a platelet response, lower incidence of treatment failure and splenectomy, less bleeding and fewer blood transfusions, and a higher quality of life than patients treated with the standard of care. (Funded by Amgen; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00415532.)

N Engl J Med 2010;363:1889-99.”
“Bacteriophages

(phages) are known to be useful in many fields from medicine to agriculture, and for a broad range of applications, including phage therapy SC79 price and phage display. For some applications, especially in medicine, high purity and viability

of phages are required. Methacrylate monoliths (Convective Interaction Media [CIM] monolithic columns), designed for purification of bionanoparticles, were applied for the purification of Staphylococcus aureus phages VDX-10 from bacterial lysate. With a single step purification method, more than 99% of host cell DNA and more than 90% of proteins were removed, with 60% recovery of viable phages. Comparable results were obtained when the purification SBI-0206965 purchase method was scaledup from a CIM monolithic disk to a larger CIM monolithic column. Additionally, the dynamic binding capacity of a methacrylate monolith column for S. aureus phages VDX-10 was determined. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Background: Early exposure to complex dietary proteins may increase the risk of beta-cell autoimmunity and type 1 diabetes in children with genetic susceptibility. We tested the hypothesis that supplementing breast milk with highly hydrolyzed milk formula would decrease the cumulative incidence of diabetes-associated autoantibodies in such children.

Methods: In this double-blind, randomized trial, we assigned 230 infants with HLA-conferred susceptibility

to type 1 diabetes and at least one family member with type 1 diabetes to receive either a casein hydrolysate formula or a conventional, cow’s-milk-based formula (control) whenever breast milk was not available during the first 6 to 8 months of life. Autoantibodies to insulin, glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), the insulinoma-associated 17-DMAG (Alvespimycin) HCl 2 molecule (IA-2), and zinc transporter 8 were analyzed with the use of radiobinding assays, and islet-cell antibodies were analyzed with the use of immunofluorescence, during a median observation period of 10 years (mean, 7.5). The children were monitored for incident type 1 diabetes until they were 10 years of age.

Results: The unadjusted hazard ratio for positivity for one or more autoantibodies in the casein hydrolysate group, as compared with the control group, was 0.54 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.29 to 0.95), and the hazard ratio adjusted for an observed difference in the duration of exposure to the study formula was 0.51 (95% CI, 0.

Pregnant female Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with IBP via a s

Pregnant female Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with IBP via a subcutaneous Silastic capsule. Consequently, the offspring were exposed to IBP during gestation through the placentae, Selleckchem BMN673 and before weaning through the milk. Male and female offspring were tested for emotional behavior in an open field and in an elevated plus maze at five and six weeks old, respectively. IBP-exposed male (but not female) rats spent less time in the open arms of

the elevated plus maze. At 11 weeks old, all females were gonadectomized and treated chronically with 17 beta-estradiol or cholesterol by Silastic capsules; all males were kept intact. They were tested for learning performance in a passive avoidance test and a Morris water maze. IBP exposure impaired the performance of males in the passive avoidance test. These findings suggest that male rats are more affected by early exposure to IBP than female rats. IBP affects their adult behavior including anxiety and learning abilities. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd and the Japan Neuroscience Society. All rights this website reserved.”
“Excretory-secretory products (ESP) from helminthic parasites may play pivotal roles in the immune regulation in hosts. Previously, we reported that ESP produced from Paragonimus westermani induced morphological activation of microglial cells and markedly stimulated nitric oxide (NO) production via activation of mitogen-activated

dipyridamole protein kinases (MAPKs). In the present study, we investigated

the role of protein kinase C and protein kinase A in MAPKs-dependent NO production by ESP. We found that treatment with protein kinase C inhibitor Go6976 strongly inhibited the phosphorylation of p38 and JNK, but not ERK, of MAPKs and decreased the production of NO in ESP-stimulated microglial cells. Inhibition of ERK, p38 or PKC decreased the ESP-induced activation of NF-kappa B, an important transcription factor for iNOS expression. Furthermore, ESP increased the level of p-CREB in microglial cells. However, adenylyl cyclase activator (forskolin). adenylyl cyclase inhibitor (SQ22536), cAMP analogue (db-cAMP) or protein kinase A inhibitor (H89) was not able to change iNOS expression and NO production in ESP-treated microglial cells. It implies that the cAMP-PKA-CREB pathway is not implicated in the ESP-evoked NO production in microglial cells. Thus, our results indicate that ESP stimulates microglial expression of iNOS via both PKC-dependent and -independent MAPKs phosphorylation and NF-kappa B activation. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd and the Japan Neuroscience Society. All rights reserved.”
“Novel approaches are required in peripheral nerve injury management because current surgical techniques, which do not address axotomy-induced neuronal death, lead to deficient sensory recovery. Sensory neuronal death has functional preference with cutaneous neurons dying in great numbers whilst muscle afferents survive axotomy.

2 trial Lancet 2003, 361:2099–2106 PubMedCrossRef 14 Monk BJ, H

2 trial. Lancet 2003, 361:2099–2106.PubMedCrossRef 14. Monk BJ, Herzog TJ, Kaye SB, et al.: Trabectedin plus see more pegylated liposomal Doxorubicin in recurrent ovarian cancer. J Clin Oncol 2010, 28:3107–3114.PubMedCrossRef 15. Vaage J, Donovan D, Mayhew E, Abra R, Huang A: Therapy of human ovarian carcinoma xenografts using doxorubicin encapsulated in sterically stabilized liposomes. Cancer 1993, 72:3671–3675.PubMedCrossRef 16. Pujade-Lauraine E, Wagner U, Aavall-Lundqvist E, et al.: Pegylated liposomal Doxorubicin and Carboplatin compared

with Paclitaxel and Carboplatin for patients with platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer in late relapse. J Clin Oncol 2010, 28:3323–3329.PubMedCrossRef 17. Sugiyama T, Kamura T, Kigawa J, et al.: Clinical characteristics of clear cell carcinoma of the ovary: a distinct histologic type with poor prognosis and resistance to platinum-based chemotherapy. JSH-23 ic50 Cancer 2000, 88:2584–2589.PubMedCrossRef 18. T Enomoto CK, Yamasaki M, Sugita N, Otsuki Y, Ikegami H, Matsuzaki N, Yamada T, Wakimoto A, Murata Y: Is clear cell carcinoma and mucinous carcinoma of the ovary sensitive to combination chemotherapy with

paclitaxel and carboplatin? Proc Am Soc Clin Oncol 2003, 22:477s. (abstr#1797) 19. Takakura S, Takano M, Takahashi F, et al.: Randomized phase II trial of paclitaxel plus carboplatin therapy selleck inhibitor versus irinotecan plus cisplatin therapy as first-line chemotherapy for clear cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary: a JGOG study. Int J Gynecol Cancer 2010, 20:240–247.PubMedCrossRef 20. Yoshino K, Enomoto T, Fujita M, Ueda Y, Kimura T, Kobayashi E, Tsutsui T, Kimura T: Salvage chemotherapy for recurrent or persistent clear cell carcinoma of the ovary: a single-institution experience for a series of 20 patients. Int J Clin Oncol 2011, in press. 21. McGuire WP, Ozols RF: Chemotherapy of advanced ovarian

cancer. Semin Oncol 1998, 25:340–348.PubMed 22. Piccart MJ, Bertelsen K, James K, et al.: Randomized intergroup trial of cisplatin paclitaxel versus cisplatin-cyclophosphamide in women with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer: three-year results. J Natl Cancer Inst 2000, 92:699–708.PubMedCrossRef Etofibrate 23. Muggia FM, Braly PS, Brady MF, et al.: Phase III randomized study of 1 cisplatin versus paclitaxel versus cisplatin and paclitaxel in patients with suboptimal stage III or IV ovarian cancer: a gynecologic oncology group study. J Clin Oncol 2000, 18:106–115.PubMed 24. Armstrong DK, Bundy B, Wenzel L, et al.: Intraperitoneal cisplatin and paclitaxel in ovarian cancer. N Engl J Med 2006, 354:34–43.PubMedCrossRef 25. Pignata S, Cannella L, Leopardo D, Pisano C, Bruni GS, Facchini G: Chemotherapy in epithelial ovarian cancer. Cancer Lett 2011, 303:73–83.PubMedCrossRef 26. Chan S, Friedrichs K, Noel D, et al.: Prospective randomized trial of docetaxel versus doxorubicin in patients with metastatic breast cancer. J Clin Oncol 1999, 17:2341–2354.PubMed 27.