Two musculoskeletal radiologists produced estimates of bone loss along the glenoid width, measured in mm and %, on 3D MR using the best-fit circle method, which were then compared to the OR measurements.
There were a total of 15 patients (13 men, two women; mean age, 28, range, 19-51 years). There was no significant difference, on average, between the MRI (mean 3.4 mm/12.6 %; range, 0-30 %) and OR (mean, 12.7 %; range, 0-30 %) measurements of glenoid bone loss (p = 0.767). A 95 % confidence interval for the mean absolute error extended from 0.45-2.21 %, implying
that, when averaged over all patients, the true mean absolute error of the MRI measurements relative to the OR measurements is expected to be less than 2.21 %. Inter-reader agreement between the Selleck Birinapant two readers had an IC of 0.92 and CC of 0.90 in terms of percentage of bone loss.
3D MR reconstructions of the shoulder can be used to accurately measure glenoid bone loss.”
“Both a larger waist and narrow hips are associated with heightened risk of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and premature mortality. We review the risk of these outcomes for levels of waist and hip circumferences when terms for both anthropometric measures were included in regression models. MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched (last updated July 2012) for studies reporting the association with the outcomes mentioned earlier for both waist and hip circumferences (unadjusted and with both terms included
in the model). Ten studies reported the association between hip circumference and death and/or disease outcomes both unadjusted and adjusted for waist circumference. click here Five studies reported the risk associated with waist circumference both unadjusted and adjusted for hip circumference. With
the exception of one study of venous thromboembolism, the full strength of the association between either waist circumference or hip circumference with morbidity and/or mortality was only apparent when terms for both anthropometric measures were included in regression models. Without accounting for the protective effect of hip circumference, the effect of obesity on risk selleck products of death and disease may be seriously underestimated. Considered together (but not as a ratio measure), waist and hip circumference may improve risk prediction models for cardiovascular disease and other outcomes.”
“BACKGROUND: A case of homozygous familial lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) deficiency with a novel homozygous LCAT missense mutation (replacement of methionine by arginine at position 293 in the amino acid sequence of the LCAT protein) is reported. METHODS AND
RESULTS: The probable diagnosis was suggested by findings of marked high density lipoprotein (HDL) deficiency, corneal opacification, anemia, and renal insufficiency. The diagnosis was confirmed by two dimensional gel electrophoresis of HDL, the measurement of free and esterified cholesterol, and sequencing of the LCAT gene.