c 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3498810]“
“The antioxidant function of 2-Cys peroxiredoxin (Prx) involves the oxidation of its conserved peroxidatic cysteine to sulphenic acid that is recycled by a reductor agent. In conditions of oxidative stress, the peroxidatic cysteine can be overoxidized to sulphinic acid inactivating the Prx. An enzyme recently discovered, named sulfiredoxin (Srx), reduces the sulphinic 2-Cys Prx (Prx-SO2H).
To explore the physiological functions of Srx in plants we have cloned, expressed and purified to homogeneity a Srx from Arabidopsis thaliana (AtSrx), as well as five variants by sitedirected mutagenesis on amino acids involved https://www.selleckchem.com/products/ldn193189.html in its activity. The activity of sulfiredoxin, determined by a new method,
is dependent on the concentration of the sulphinic form of Prx and the conserved Srx is capable of regenerating the functionality of both pea and Arabidopsis Prx-SO(2)H. Molecular modelling of AtSrx and the facts that the R28Q variant shows a partial inactivation, that the activity of the E76A variant is equivalent to that of the native enzyme and that the double mutation R28Q/ E76A abolishes the enzymatic activity suggests that the pair His100-Glu76 may be involved in the activation of C72 in the absence of R28. The knock-out mutant plants without Srx or 2-Cys Prx exhibited phenotypical differences under growth conditions of 16 h light, probably due to the signalling SN-38 mouse role of the sulphinic form of Prx. These mutants showed more susceptibility to oxidative stress than wild-type plants. This work presents the first systematic biochemical characterization of the Srx/ Prx system from plants and contributes to a better understanding
of its physiological function.”
“Sterilized hollow-fiber membranes are used in hemodialysis, ultrafiltration, bioprocessing, and tissue engineering applications that require a stable and biocompatible surface. In this study, we demonstrated significant changes in the fiber physicochemical properties with different selleckchem methods of sterilization. Commercial polysulfone (PS) hollow fibers containing poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) were subjected to standard ethylene oxide (ETO), sodium hypochlorite (bleach), and electron-beam (e-beam) sterilization techniques followed by analysis of the surface hydrophilicity, morphology, and water-retention ability. E-beam sterilization rendered more hydrophilic fibers with water contact angles near 47 degrees compared to the ETO- and bleach-treated fibers, which were each near 56 degrees.